André Morel (-2012)
Professor emeritus
Contact information:
Phone: +33 (0)4 93 76 37 11
Fax: +33 (0)4 93 76 37 39
Education:
Doctorat ès Sciences (1972)
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Dissertation topic: Experimental determinations and theoretical interpretations of the volume scattering function of sea water
Doctorat de 3ème cycle (1967)
Faculté des Sciences de Paris, France
Dissertation topic: Spectral dependence of scattering by pure water and marine particles
French Navy Officer (1958-1961)
Diplôme d'Ingénieur (1952-1956)
Ecole Supérieure de Physique et Chimie, Paris, France
 
 
Research interests:
Optical oceanography, experimental and theoretical aspects; inherent and apparent optical properties; bio-optics of organisms; ocean color remote sensing; atmospheric correction and marine algorithms; bidirectional properties of the water leaving radiances; chlorophyll distribution and primary production; primary production and CO2 relationships and modelling
 
Awards:
  • 1990      Eurosense Award of the Remote Sensing Society (UK)
  • 1990      Prix Binoux de l'Académie des Sciences
  • 2000      The Oceanography Society:  Jerlov Award
  • 2003      Médaille Albert 1er, Prince de Monaco
  • 2005      Redfield Award for life achievements (American Society of Limnology and      
                 Oceanography)
Publications:

    2013

  • Antoine D., A. Morel, E. Leymarie, A. Houyou, B. Gentili, S. Victori, J.-P. Buis, N. Buis, S. Meunier, M. Canini, D. Crozel, B. Fougnie, and P. Henry (2013). Underwater radiance distributions measured with miniaturized multispectral radiance cameras. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30(1), 74-95. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2012

  • Xing, X., Morel, A., Claustre, H., D'Ortenzio, F., and A. Poteau (2012). Combined processing and mutual interpretation of radiometry and fluorometry from autonomous profiling Bio-Argo floats: 2. Colored dissolved organic matter absorption retrieval. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 117, No. C4, C04022,
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007632. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2011

  • Saba V.S., M.A. M. Friedrichs, D.Antoine, R.A. Armstrong, I.Asanuma, M.J. Behrenfeld, A.M. Ciotti, M.Dowell, N. Hoepffner, K.J. W. Hyde, J. Ishizaka, T. Kameda, J. Marra, F. Mélin, A. Morel, J.O’Reilly, M. Scardi, W.O. Smith Jr., T.J. Smyth, S. Tang, J. Uitz, K. Waters, T.K. Westberry, 2011, An evaluation of ocean color model estimates of marine primary productivity in coastal and pelagic regions across the globe, Biogeosciences, 8, 489–503. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Xing, X., Morel, A., Claustre, H., Antoine, D., D'Ortenzio, F., Poteau, A., Mignot, A. (2011). Combined processing and mutual interpretation of radiometry and fluorimetry from autonomous profiling Bio-Argo Floats. The retrieval of Chlorophyll a, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C06020, doi:10.1029/2010JC006899. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2010

  • Morel, A., Claustre, H., and B. Gentili (2010) The most oligotrophic subtropical zones of the global ocean: similarities and differences in terms of chlorophyll and yellow substance. Biogeosciences, 7, 3139–3151, doi:10.5194/bg-7-3139-2010 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Saba V.S., M A. M. Friedrichs, M.E. Carr, D. Antoine , R. A. Armstrong, I. Asanuma, O. Aumont, N.R. Bates, M.J. Behrenfeld , V. Bennington, L.Bopp, J.Bruggeman, E.T. Buitenhuis, M.J. Church, A.M. Ciotti, S.C. Doney, M.Dowell, J.Dunne, S.Dutkiewicz , W.Gregg, N.Hoepffner, K.J. W. Hyde, J.Ishizaka , T. Kameda, D.M. Karl, I.Lima, M.W. Lomas, J.Marra , G.A. McKinley, F.Mélin, J. K.Moore, A.Morel, J.O’Reilly , B. Salihoglu, M. Scardi, T.J. Smyth, S.Tang, J.Tjiputra, J. Uitz , M.Vichi, K.Waters, T.K. Westberry and A.Yool (2010). The challenges of modeling depth-integrated marine primary productivity over multiple decades: A case study at BATS and HOT, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB3020, doi:10.1029/2009GB003655. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2009

  • Morel, A. (2009). Are the empirical relationships describing the bio-optical properties of case 1 waters consistent and internally compatible? Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, C01016, doi:10.1029/2008JC004803. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2009). A simple band ratio technique to quantify the colored dissolved and detrital organic material from ocean color remotely sensed data. Remote Sensing of Environement, 113, 998-1011, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2009.01.008 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2009). The dissolved yellow substance and the shades of blue in the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeosciences, 6, 2625–2636, 2009, www.biogeosciences.net/6/2625/2009/. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2008

  • Friedrichs, M.A.M., M.-E. Carr, R. T. Barber, M. Scardi, D. Antoine , R. A. Armstrong, I. Asanuma, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. T. Buitenhuis, F. Chai, J. R. Christian, A. M. Ciotti, S. C. Doney, M. Dowell, J. Dunne, B. Gentili, W. Gregg, N. Hoepffner, J. Ishizaka, T. Kameda, I. Lima, J. Marra, F. Mélin, J. K. Moore, A. Morel, R. T. O'Malley, J. O'Reilly, V. S. Saba, M. Schmeltz, T. J. Smyth, J. Tjiputra, K. Waters, T. K. Westberry, A. Winguth (2008). Assessing the uncertainties of model estimates of primary production in the tropical Pacific ocean, Journal of Marine Systems, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2008.05.010/.(Get PDF Reprint).
  • Huot, Y., Morel, A., Twardowski, M. S., Stramski, D., and R. A Reynolds (2008). Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern south pacific ocean, Biogeosciences 5, 495-507. Access to paper on line.
  • Morel, A. and B. Gentilli (2008). Practical application of the “turbid water” flag in ocean color imagery: Interference with sun-glint contaminated pixels in open ocean. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112/3, 934-938. Access to paper on line
  • 2007

  • Morel, A., Claustre, H., Antoine, D. and B. Gentili (2007). Natural variability of bio-optical properties in Case 1 waters: attenuation and reflectance within the visible and near-UV spectral domains, as observed in South Pacific and Mediterranean waters. Biogeosciences,4, 913-925 (Access to paper on line)
  • Morel, A., Gentili, B., Claustre, H., Babin, M., Bricaud, A., Ras, J., and F. Tieche (2007) Optical properties of the "clearest" natural waters, Limnology and Oceanography, 52(1), 217-229 (Get PDF Reprint).
  • Morel, A., Huot, Y., Gentili, B., Werdell, P.J., Hooker, S.B. and B.A. Franz (2007). Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach. Remote Sensing of Environment, 111, 69-88. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Voss, K., Morel, A. and D. Antoine Detailed validation of the bidirectional effect in various Case 1 waters for application to Ocean Color imagery. Biogeosciences, 4, 781-789. (Access to paper on line)
  • Werdell, P.J., Bailey, S.W., Franz, B.A., Morel, A. and C.R. McClain (2007). On-orbit vicarious calibration of ocean color sensors using an ocean surface reflectance model, Applied Optics, 46 (23), 5649-5666. (Access to paper on line)
  • 2006

  • Antoine, D. M. Chami, H. Claustre, F. D'Ortenzio, A. Morel, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, F. Louis, J. Ras, E. Roussier, A.J. Scott, D. Tailliez, S. B. Hooker, P. Guevel, J.-F. Desté, C. Dempsey and D. Adams. 2006, BOUSSOLE : a joint CNRS-INSU, ESA, CNES and NASA Ocean Color Calibration And Validation Activity. NASA Technical memorandum N° 2006 - 214147, 61 pp. (Get PDF Reprint).
  • Carr, M.-E., M.A.M. Friedrichs, M. Schmeltz, M.N. Aité, D. Antoine, K.R. Arrigo, I. Asanuma, O. Aumont, R. Barber, M. Behrenfeld, R. Bidigare, E. Buitenhuis, J. Campbell, A. Ciotti, H. Dierssen, M. Dowell, J. Dunne, W. Esaias, B. Gentili, S. Groom, N. Hoepffner, J. Hishisaka, T. Kameda, C. LeQuéré, S. Lohrenz, J. Marra, F. Mélin, K. Moore, A. Morel, T. Reddy, J. Ryan, M. Scardi, T. Smyth, K. Turpie, G. Tilstone, K. Waters, Y. Yamanaka (2005) A comparison of global estimates of marine primary production from ocean color, Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 53, 741-770 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (2006). Meeting the challenge of monitoring chlorophyll in the ocean from outer space. Advance in Photosynthesis and respiration  Series Editor Godvindje, Springer, Vol 25,Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls, B. Grimm, R.J. Porra, W. Rûdiger, and H. Scheer Eds. Chap. 36, 521-534. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., Gentili, B., Chami, M., and J. Ras (2006) Bio-optical properties of high chlorophyll Case 1 waters, and of yellow-substance- dominated Case 2 waters. Deep-Sea Research I, 53, 1439-1559 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and S. Bélanger, (2006) Improved Detection of turbid waters from Ocean Color information, Remote Sensing of Environment, 102, 237-249 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Uitz, J., Claustre, H., Morel, A., Hooker, S. (2006). Vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in open ocean: an assessment based on surface chlorophyll . Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, (C08005, doi:10.1029/2005JC003207).(Get PDF Reprint).
  • 2005

  • Antoine, D., Morel, A., Gordon, H.R., Banzon, V.F. and R.H. Evans (2005) Bridging ocean color observations of the 1980's and 2000's in search of long-term trends. Journal of Geophysical Research, VOL. 110, C06009, doi:10.1029/2004JC002620 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2004

  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2004). Radiation transport within oceanic (case 1) waters.  Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 109, No. C6, C06008, 10.1029/2003JC002259 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2003

  • Antoine, D., Morel, A., Gentili, B., Gordon, H.R., Banzon, V.F., Evans, R.H., Brown, J.W., Walsh, S., Baringer, W. and A. Li (2003). In search of long-term trends in ocean color. EOS, 84, 32 (Get PDF Reprint).
  • Babin, M., A. Morel, V. Fournier-Sicre, F. Fell and D. Stramski (2003). Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and oceanic waters as related to the particle mass concentration. Limnology and Oceanography, 48, 843-859 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Hooker, S.B. and A. Morel (2003). Platform and environmental effects on above- and in-water determinations of water-leaving radiances. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 20, 187-205 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2002

  • Campbell, J., D. Antoine, R. Armstrong, K. Arrigo, W. Balch, R. Barber, M. Behrenfeld, R. Bidigare, J. Bishop, M.-E. Carr, W. Esaias, P. Falkowski, N. Hoepffner, R. Iverson, D. Kiefer, S. Lohrenz, J. Marra, A. Morel, J. Ryan, V. Vedernikov, K. Waters, C. Yentsch, and J. Yoder (2002). Comparison of algorithms for estimating ocean primary production from surface chlorophyll, temperature and irradiance, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16, 3, 10.10129, 2001, GB001444 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Claustre, H., Morel, A., Hooker, S.B., Babin, M., Antoine, D., Oubelkheir, K., Bricaud, A., Leblanc, K., Quéguiner, B. and S. Maritorena (2002). Is desert dust making oligotrophic waters greener? Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 1469, 10.1029/2001GL014056 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Fougnie, B., Patrice Henry, P., Morel, A., Antoine, D., Montagner, F. (2002). Identification and characterization of stable homogenous oceanic zones: climatology and impact on in-flight calibration of space sensors over rayleigh scattering. Ocean Optics XVI, Santa Fe, NM, (Extended Abstract).
  • Maritorena, S., Babin, M., Claustre, H., Payri, C., Bonnafous, L. and A. Morel (2002). Photoacclimation in Pocillopora verrucosa zooxanthellae: comparison with a pelagic algal community. Oceanologica Acta, 25, 125-134 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and D. Antoine (2002). Small critters - Big effects. Science, 296, 1980-1982 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., Antoine, D. and B. Gentili (2002). Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: Accounting for Raman emission and varying particle phase function, Appied Optics, 41, 6289-6306 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2001

  • Loisel, H. and A. Morel (2001). Non-isotropy of the upward-radiance field in typical coastal case 2 waters. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 22, 275-295 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., and S. Maritorena (2001). Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: A reappraisal. Journal of Geophysical research, 106, 7763-7780 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Stramski, D., Bricaud, A. and A. Morel (2001). Modeling the inherent optical properties of the ocean based on the detailed composition of the planktonic community. Applied Optics, 40, 2929-2945 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2000

  • Maritorena, S., Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2000). Determination of the fluorescence quantum yield by oceanic phytoplankton in their natural habitat. Applied Optics, 39, 6725-6737 (Get PDF reprint)
  • Morel, A. (2000). Process studies in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic regimes within the tropical northeast Atlantic. In: The changing ocean carbon cycle. R.B. Hanson, H.W. Ducklow & J.G. Field (eds), Cambridge University Press. pp, 338-374 (Get PDF reprint)
  • 1999

  • Antoine, D. and A. Morel (1999). A multiple scattering algorithm for atmospheric correction of remotely-sensed ocean colour (MERIS instrument) : principle and implementation for atmospheres carrying various aerosols including absorbing ones, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 20, 1875-1916. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Bricaud, A., Allali, K., Morel, A., Marie, D., Veldhuis, M.J.W., Partensky, F., and D. Vaulot (1999). Chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients and associated efficiency factors for Prochlorococcus sp. : kinetics of photoacclimation. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 188, 21-32. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Bricaud, A., Morel, A., and V. Barale (1999). MERIS potential for ocean colour studies in the open ocean. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 20, 1757-1769. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Claustre, H., Morel, A., Babin, M., Cailliau, C., Marie, D., Marty, J.-C., and D. Vaulot (1999). Variability in particle attenuation and stimulated fluorescence in the tropical and equatorial Pacific : scales, patterns and some biogeochemical implications. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 3401-3422. (Get PDF reprint 10MB)
  • 1998

  • Antoine, D. and Morel, A. (1998). Relative importance of multiple scattering by air molecules and aerosols in forming the atmospheric path radiance in the visible and near-infrared parts of the spectrum, Applied Optics, 37, 2245-2259. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Bricaud, A., Morel, A., Babin, M., Allali, K. and H. Claustre (1998). Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with the chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (Case 1) waters : analysis and implications for bio-optical models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 31,033-31,044. (Get PDF Reprint & Erratum)
  • Loisel, H. and A. Morel (1998). Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A reexamination, Limnology and Oceanography, 43, 847-858. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and H. Loisel (1998). Apparent optical properties of oceanic water: Dependence on the molecular scattering contribution. Applied Optics, 37, 4765-4774. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1997

  • Morel, A. (1997). Consequences of a Synechococcus bloom upon the optical properties of oceanic (case 1) waters, Limnology and Oceanography, 42, 1746-1754. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Sakshaug, E., Bricaud, A., Dandonneau, Y., Falkowski, P.G., Kiefer, D.A., Legendre, L., Morel, A., Parslow, J., and M. Takahashi (1997). Parameters of photosynthesis : definitions, theory and interpretation of results. Journal of Plankton Research, 19, 1637-1670. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1996

  • Antoine, D. and A. Morel (1996). Oceanic primary production : I. Adaptation of a spectral light-photosynthesis model in view of application to satellite chlorophyll observations, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10, 43-55. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Antoine, D., André, J.M. and A. Morel (1996). Oceanic primary production : II. Estimation at global scale from satellite (Coastal Zone Color Scanner) chlorophyll, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10, 57-69. (Get PDF reprint 16MB)
  • Babin, M., Morel, A., Falkowski, P.G., Claustre, H., Bricaud, A. and Z. Kobler (1996). Nutrient- and light-dependent variations of the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic systems. Deep Sea Research, 43, 1241-1272. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Babin, M., Morel, A., and B. Gentili (1996). Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: Consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 17, 2417-2448. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1996). An ocean flux study in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic situations: the EUMELI program. Deep-Sea Research I, 43, 1273-1304. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Morel, A., Antoine, D., Babin, M., and Y. Dandonneau (1996). Measured and modeled primary production in the Northeast Atlantic (EUMELI JGOFS program): The impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill. Deep-Sea Research I, 43, 1273-1304. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Morel, A., and B. Gentili (1996). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters. 3. Implication of bidirectionality for the remote-sensing problem. Applied Optics, 35, 4850-4862. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1995

  • Allali, K., Bricaud, A., Babin, M., Morel, A., and P. Chang (1995). A new method for measuring spectral absorption coefficients of marine particles. Limnology and Oceanography, 40, 1526-1532. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Antoine, D. and A. Morel (1995). Modelling the seasonal course of the upper-ocean pCO2. 1 - Development of a one-dimensional model. Tellus 47B, 103-121. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Antoine, D. and A. Morel (1995). Modelling the seasonal course of the upper-ocean pCO2. 2 - Validation of the model and sensitivity studies. Tellus 47B, 122-144. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Antoine, D., Morel, A. and J.M. André (1995). Algal pigment distribution and primary production in the Eastern Mediterranean as derived from Coastal Zone Color Scanner observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 16,193-16,209. (Get PDF Reprint 44MB)
  • Bricaud, A., Babin, M., Morel, A. and H. Claustre (1995). Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficient of natural phytoplankton : analysis and parametrization. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, C7, 13321-13332. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., Voss, K.J. and B. Gentili (1995). Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: A comparison of modeled and measured upward radiance fields, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 13,143-13,150. (Get PDF Reprint 11MB)
  • 1994

  • Babin, M., Morel, A. and R. Gagnon (1994) An incubator designed for extensive and sensitive measurements of phytoplankton photosynthetic parameters. Limnology and Oceanography, 39, 694-702. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Maritorena, S., Morel, A. and B. Gentili (1994). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: Influence of water depth and bottom albedo, Limnology and Oceanography, 39 1689-1703. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., and D. Antoine (1994). Heating rate within the upper ocean in relation to its bio-optical state, Journal of Physical Oceanography 24, 1652-1665. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1993

  • Mobley, C.D., Gentili, B., Gordon, H.R., Jin, Z., Kattawar, G.W., Morel, A., Reinersman, P., Stamnes, K. and R.H. Stavn (1993). Comparison of numerical models for computing underwater light fields, Applied Optics, 32, 7484-7504. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., Ahn, Y.-W., Partensky, F., Vaulot, D. and H. Claustre (1993). Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus : a compartive study of their size, pigmentation and related optical properties. Journal of Marine Research, 51, 617-649. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (1993). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters. 2. Bidirectional aspects. Applied Optics, 32, 6864-6872. (Get PDF Reprint 10 MB)
  • 1992

  • Ahn, Y.H., Bricaud, A. and A. Morel (1992). Light backscattering efficiency and related properties of some phytoplankters, Deep-Sea Research, 39, 1835-1855. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Berthon, J.F., and A. Morel (1992). Validation of a spectral light-photosynthesis model and use of the model in conjunction with remotely sensed pigment observations, Limnology and Oceanography, 37, 781-796. (Get PDF Reprint).
  • 1991

  • André, J.M. and A. Morel (1991). Atmospheric corrections and interpretation of marine radiances in CZCS imagery, revisited, Oceanologica Acta, 14, 3-22. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., and Y.-H. Ahn (1991). Optics of heterotrophic nanoflagellates and ciliates: A tentative assessment of their scattering role in oceanic waters compared to those of bacterial and algal cells, Journal of Marine Research, 49, 177-202. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A., and J.M. André (1991). Pigment distribution and primary production in the western mediterranean as derived and modeled from coastal zone color scanner observations, Journal of Geophysical research, 96, 12,685-12,698. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Morel, A., and B. Gentili (1991). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters: its dependance on sun angle as influenced by molecular scattering contribution. Applied Optics, 30, 4427-4438. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1991). Light and marine photosynthesis: A spectral model with geochemical and climatological implications, Progress in Oceanography, 26, 263-306. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1991). Optics of marine particles and marine optics. In Particle analysis in Oceanography, S. Demers (ed.), NATO ASI Series, Vol G27, 141-188. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1990

  • Dugdale, R.C., Wilkerson, E.P. and A. Morel (1990). Realization of new production in coastal upwelling areas: A means to compare relative performance, Limnology and Oceanography, 35, 822-829. (Get PDF Reprint).
  • Morel, A., and Y.H. Ahn (1990). Optical efficiency factors of free-living marine bacteria: Influence of bacterioplankton upon the optical properties and particulate organic carbon in oceanic waters, Journal of Marine Research, 48, 145-175. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Stramski, D. and A. Morel (1990). Optical properties of photosynthetic picoplankton in different physiological states as affected by growth irradiance, Deep-Sea Research, 37, 245-266. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1989

  • André, J.M. and A. Morel (1989). Simulated effects of barometric pressure and ozone content upon the estimate of marine phytoplankton from space, Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 1029-1037. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Dugdale, R.C., Morel, A., Bricaud, A. and F.P. Wilkerson (1989). Modeling new production in upwelling centers: A case study of modeling new production from remotely sensed temperature and color, Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 18119-18132. (Get PDF Reprint 31MB)
  • Morel, A. and J.F. Berthon (1989). Surface pigments, algal biomass profiles, and potential production of the euphotic layer: Relationships reinvestigated in view of remote-sensing applications, Limnology and Oceanography, 34, 1545-1562. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Sathyendranath, S., Prieur, L. and A. Morel (1989). A 3 component model of ocean color and its application to remote-sensing of phytoplankton pigments in coastal waters. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 10 1373-1394. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1988

  • Bricaud, A., Bedhomme, A.L. and A. Morel (1988). Optical properties of diverse phytoplanktonic species: Experimental results and theoretical interpretation, Journal of Plankton Research, 10, 851-873 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1988). Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (case 1 water), Journal of Geophysical Research, 93, 10,749-10,768. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Stramski, D., Bricaud, A. and A. Morel (1988). Modeling the light attenuation and scattering by spherical phytoplankton cells, a retrieval of the bulk refractive index. Applied Optics, 27, 3954-3956. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1987

  • Bricaud, A., and A. Morel (1987). Atmospheric corrections and interpretation of marine radiances in CZCS imagery: use of a reflectance model. Oceanologica Acta, NSP, 33-50. (Get PDF Reprint 52MB)
  • Bricaud, A., Morel, A. and J.M. André (1987). Spatial/temporal variability of algal biomass and primary productivity in the Mauritanian upwelling zone, as estimated from CZCS data. Advances in Space Research, 7, 2, (2)53-(2)62. (Get PDF Reprint 29MB)
  • Morel, A., Lazzara, L. and J. Gostan (1987). Growth rate and quantum yield time response for a diatom to changing irradiances (energy and color), Limnology and Oceanography, 32, 1066-1084. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1987). Chlorophyll-specific scattering coefficient of phytoplankton. A simplified theoretical approach, Deep-Sea Research 34, 1093-1105. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1986

  • Bricaud, A. and A. Morel (1986). Light attenuation and scattering by phytoplanktonic cells: a theoretical modeling, Applied Optics, 25, 571-580. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and A. Bricaud (1986). Inherent optical properties of algal cells, including picoplankton. Theoretical and experimental results. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 214, 521-559. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1983-1984

  • Bricaud, A., Morel, A., and L. Prieur (1983). Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters, Limnology and Oceanography, 28, 816-832. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Gordon, H.R., and A. Morel (1983). Remote assessment of ocean color for interpretation of satellite visible imagery. A review, Springer-Verlag, New York (USA). Get PDF reprint
  • 1982

  • Morel, A. (1982). Optical properties and radiant energy in the waters of the guinea dome and the mauritanian upwelling area in relation to primary production. Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Const. int. Exp. Mer, 180, 94-107. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and R.C. Smith (1982) Terminology and units in optical oceanography, Marine Geodesy, 5, 335-349. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1981

  • Gordon, H.R. and A. Morel (1981). Water colour measurement - An introduction. p 207-212. In Oceanography from space. COSPAR/SCOR/IUCRM Symp. Plenum. Get PDF reprint
  • Morel, A. and A. Bricaud (1981). Theoretical results concerning light absorption in a discrete medium, and application to specific absorption of phytoplankton, Deep-Sea Research, 28, 1375-1393. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and A. Bricaud (1981). Theoretical results concerning the optics of phytoplankton, with special references to remote sensing applications. p 313-327. In Oceanography from space. COSPAR/SCOR/IUCRM Symp. Plenum. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Bricaud, A., Morel, A. and L. Prieur (1981). Absorption by dissolved organic matter of the sea (yellow substance) in the UV and visible domains, Limnology and Oceanography, 26, 43-53. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1980

  • Morel, A. (1980). In-water and remote measurements of ocean color, Boundary Layer Meteorology, 18, 177-201. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and H.R. Gordon (1980). Report of the working group on water color, Boundary Layer Meteorology, 18, 343-355. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1970-1979

  • Ivanoff, A. and A. Morel (1970). Terminologie concernant l'optique océanographique. Cahiers Océanographiques, XXII, 457-468. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Jitts, H.R., Morel, A. and Y. Saijo (1976). The relation of oceanic primary production to available photosynthetic irradiance. Australian Journal of Freshwater Research, 27, 441-454. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1972a). Application de la théorie de Mie au cacul de l'indicatrice de diffusion de la lumière pour les eaux de mer. Comptes-Rendu de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, t. 274, 1387-1390. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1972b). Au sujet de l'emploi du coefficient de diffusion pour évaluer la teneur des eaux de mer en particules en suspension. Comptes-Rendu de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, t. 274, 1447-1450. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1973). Diffusion de la lumière par les eaux de mer; résultats expérimentaux et approche théorique, in AGARD Lect. Ser., pp. 3.1.1.-3.1.76. (Get PDF Reprint 10MB)
  • Morel, A. (1974). Optical properties of pure water and pure seawater. p. 1-24, In: Jerlov & E. Steeman Nielsen (eds.). Optical aspects of oceanography. Academic (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1976). The scattering of light by seawater: experimental results and theoretical approach. Translation by George Halikas of the paper published in french in AGARD Lecture Series N61 (1973). (Get PDF Reprint
  • Morel, A. (1978). Available, usable, and stored radiant energy in relation to marine photosynthesis, Deep Sea Research, 25, 673-688. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and L. Caloumenos (1974). Variabilité de la répartition spectrale de l'énergie photosynthétique, TETHYS, 6, 93-104. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and L. Prieur (1977). Analysis of variations in ocean color, Limnology and Oceanography, 22, 709-722. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and R.C. Smith (1974). Relation between total quanta and total energy for aquatic photosynthesis. Limnology and Oceanography, 19, 591-600. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Prieur, L. and A. Morel (1971). Etude théorique du régime assymptotique. Relations entre caractéristqiues optiques et coefficient d'extinction relatif à la pénétration de la lumière du jour. Cahiers Océanographiques, XXIII, 35-47.
  • 1960-1969

  • Bauer, D. and A. Morel (1967). Etude aux petits angles de l'indicatrice de diffusion de la lumière par les eaux de mer. Annales de Géophysique, 23, 109-123. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1965). Interprétation des variations de la forme de l'indicatrice de diffusion de la lumière par les eaux de mer. Annales de Géophysique, 21, 281-284. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1965). Résultats expérimentaux concernant la pénétration de la lumière du jour dans les eaux Méditerranéennes. Cahiers Océanographiques, XVII, 177-184. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1966). Etude expérimentale de la diffusion de la lumière par l'eau, les solutions de chlorure de sodium et l'eau de mer optiquement pures. Journal de Chimie Physique, 10,  1359-1366. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. (1968). Note au sujet des constantes de diffusion de la lumière pour l'eau et l'eau optiquement pures. Cahiers Océanographiques, XX, 157-162. (Get PDF Reprint)
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